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This article is about the Farming skill. For information on training Farming, see Farming training.


Also known as Farm
Players with
as of 2 February 2016 - update
Players with
200M XP
as of 10 February 2016 - update

Farming is a skill in which players grow crops using seeds and harvest useful items from them, or more commonly, harvest the plant itself. The crops grown range from the standard staples of vegetables, fruit trees, herbs, hops, to more exotic and unusual crops such as wood-bearing trees, cacti, and mushrooms. The harvested items have wide range of uses, but are mostly used to train Herblore or Cooking, or simply eaten as food. Many players sell their harvest for a significant profit.

Once players have reached the intermediate level range and beyond, they can begin to plant wood-bearing trees. Player grown trees function just like their standard equivalents, which can be chopped down and regenerate after a short period of time to yield Woodcutting experience and logs. Player grown woodcutting trees have the added benefit of being only accessible to the player who grew them, which means that players will not need to compete to gather their own tree's wood.
Audio options icon
Farming level-up music (link)
The first music that can be played when leveled up.
Audio options icon
Farming level-up music (link)
The second music that can be played when leveled up.

General overviewEdit

The first thing any player will do when they begin training this skill is to rake away the weeds from one of the many farming patches found scattered around RuneScape. Once cleared, players have the option of applying compost to the patch BEFORE planting their seeds, which will decrease the chance of the crop becoming diseased, and will also possibly increase the yield of the crop once it reaches maturity. Players can also cast the Fertile Soil spell from the Lunar spellbook at any point during the plant's growth cycle to apply supercompost.

Compost can be bought in farming shops, or obtained by placing a total of 15 weeds or various other unwanted vegetables into one of the compost bins. Supercompost, which results in an even higher yield and further lowers chances of disease, is obtained by filling the compost bin with higher level farming produce such as pineapples, watermelons, calquats, coconuts, and high end herbs.

Farming herbs

A player picking herbs grown from farming.

Seeds are usually easy to obtain. They can be bought from players and stalls, stolen via Thieving or obtained as drops from an enormous variety of monsters. Any lower or intermediate level seed is usually dirt cheap, ranging from 1-20 coins each, while the higher level seeds, such as tree, fruit tree, and especially upper end herb seeds, are usually thousands of coins each, if not more.

After growing for a preset period of time crops will mature and can then be harvested, provided that the crops have not become diseased and died while growing. Once planted, crops grow even if the player is not online, so one can plant a seed and come back at any time. Once the crops are fully grown they will remain in the patch indefinitely until harvested; that is, they will not die once fully matured.

Although this would seem to imply that players can simply plant their seeds and go back to their lives, there is a problem with this tactic. At lower levels, unattended crops are extremely unlikely to live long enough to reach maturity unattended. Even at relatively high levels there will always be a significant chance that crops will sicken and die. Therefore, all levels are recommended to pay nearby gardeners to watch crops. Doing so prevents the selected crops from dying, thus guaranteeing their reaching maturity for harvest.

Gardeners all charge for their services, but not in coins. The price that they ask depends on the crop that the player asks them to watch. For example, the price for protecting a patch of potatoes is 2 buckets of compost while the price for protecting a patch of onions is 1 sack of potatoes. Unfortunately, Gardeners will not watch herbs or flowers. Players can, however, unlock a single herb patch which is perpetually protected from disease, for free, by completing My Arm's Big Adventure.

Getting StartedEdit

Note that it is a common mistake for players who are new to members and/or farming to wait next to their patch for the crop they have planted to mature to the point where it can be harvested. However, many crops take more than an hour to grow fully, and most introductory crops take over half an hour. Do not waste your time standing near the farming patches wondering when your crops will do anything; instead, find another skill to train nearby such as woodcutting or fishing, and check back in on your patch at regular intervals, usually about every 5–8 minutes, to water your patch and make sure it isn't diseased.

A good way to jumpstart your farming is to do the quest Fairy Tale I - Growing Pains. The experience reward will raise level 1 Farming to level 17. By completing this quest, players will also receive a pair of magic secateurs which, when worn will increase the yield of crops by 10% while harvesting.

An uncommon, but helpful item is the Amulet of Nature. It is tradeable in its unenchanted form, but once enchanted cannot be traded. It can be bound to a patch by "using" the amulet on the patch. Once bound, and if worn, the amulet will alert you if your plant becomes diseased or has fully grown. You may also "rub" the amulet to check on your bound patch at any time. It can only be bound to one patch at a time, and you may only have one amulet. If worn when harvesting, the amulet will provide a 5% yield increase. This boost does not stack with the magic secatuers and takes precedence over them, so if magic secatuers are available to you it is recommended that you unequip the amulet before harvesting.

See Farming training for more information on levelling up.


For farming there are certain tools you will need to use, whether its raking weeds from a plot using a rake or digging up dead plants with a spade. Below is a table of the basic tools and their uses.

Name Use
Used for getting rid of weeds in a plot.
The most useful Farming tool. Used for harvesting crops, clearing away dead plants and removing plant roots and bushes.
Watering can
Watering can
Used for watering plants to help them grow.
Seed dibber
Seed dibber
Used for planting Seeds in a plot.
Gardening trowel
Gardening trowel
Used for filling Plant Pots with Soil.
SecateursMagic secateursSecateurs Used for cutting away diseased Branches and Bushes.
Used for storing fruit. Holds up to 5 fruits of any type.
Empty sack
Used for storing up to 10 vegetables.
Empty plant pot
Plant pot
Used for growing Tree Saplings in.

You can buy a lot of these tools along with compost in farming shops located below.

Tool storageEdit

At any farming patch you will come across a Tool leprechaun whose job is to look after your farming tools.

Tool leprechaun

A Tool Leprechaun.

You can store the following:

The Tool leprechaun will also swap herbs and finished produce into note form by using them on the NPC.


Main article: Seeds

Seeds are essential in training the skill of farming, however, there are only a few ways in retrieving them. These include:


Patches treated with compost are less likely to become diseased. Using compost also increases the minimum and maximum yields on that patch, though it should be noted that this only works for one set of seeds. Once the crops are harvested, another bucket of compost must be applied to the patch in order to receive its effects.

To create compost you will need around 15 pieces of organic material, weeds and rotten fruit work. Put this in a Compost bin near a patch and close the lid and wait for around 60 minutes. Then, with an inventory of 15 empty buckets you can fill them all up with compost.

Supercompost is created in a similar way but the organic materials are different. For example you could use various herbs, berries and fruits. Supercompost also yields more crops than ordinary Compost.


There are many different patches where you can plant and grow different bushes, flowers, herbs, trees an so on. The patches are located throughout Gielinor.

Plants are categorised as:

Allotment/Herb patchesEdit

Allotments are the most commonly used patches in the game. There are four allotment patches in total throughout Gielinor. Players may pay gardeners to protect vegetables and fruit, however it is not possible to protect the herb and flower patches. Gardeners are paid using other vegetables or produce the player has farmed or otherwise obtained. All of these patches have compost bins.

Below is a table of their locations:

Type Location Close Teleports Image

2 Allotment
1 Flower
1 Herb

South of Falador
SouthFalador Allotment

2 Allotment
1 Flower
1 Herb

West of Port Phasmatys
PortPhasmatys Allotment

2 Allotment
1 Flower
1 Herb

North of Catherby
Catherby Allotment Patch

2 Allotment
1 Flower
1 Herb

North of Ardougne
Ardougne Allotment

1 Herb

Roof of Troll Stronghold
TrollStronghold Allotment
1 Allotment

1 Herb

Harmony Island
  • Mos Le'Harmless teleport scroll
Harmony Farming Patch

Below is a list of every allotment seed you can plant along with their respective levels to plant, protection payments, and experience from planting and harvesting.

Level Seed Protection Growth time Experience
Flower Farmer Plant Harvest Total [1]
Potato seed

Compost×2 40 min. 8 9 98
Onion seed


sack of potatoes×1
40 min. 9.5 10.5 114.5
Cabbage seed


Sack of onions×1
40 min. 10 11.5 125
Tomato seed


Sack of cabbages×2
40 min. 12.5 14 152.5
Sweetcorn seed


Jute fibre×10
50 min. 17 19 207
Strawberry seed
Basket of apples×1
60 min. 26 29 316
Watermelon seed


Curry leaves×10
80 min. 48.5 54.5 593.5
  1. Assume it's a harvest of 10.

Below is a list of every herb you can plant and their respective levels to plant, experience from planting, and uses.

Level Seed Growth time Experience Uses
Plant Harvest
Guam seed
90 min. 11 12.5 Ingredient of

Marrentill seed
90 min. 13.5 15 Ingredient of

Tarromin seed
90 min. 16 18 Ingredient of

Harralander seed
90 min. 21.5 24 Ingredient of

Gout tuber
80 min. 105 45
  • Making a gem-bladed machete
  • Exchange with Sanfew for random herbs
Ranarr seed
90 min. 27 30.5 Ingredient of

Toadflax seed
90 min. 34 38.5 Ingredient of

Irit seed
90 min. 43 48.5 Ingredient of

Avantoe seed
90 min. 54.5 61.5 Ingredient of

Kwuarm seed
90 min. 69 78 Ingredient of

Snapdragon seed
90 min. 87.5 98.5 Ingredient of

Cadantine seed
90 min. 106.5 120 Ingredient of

Lantadyme seed
90 min. 134.5 151.5 Ingredient of

Dwarf weed seed
90 min. 170.5 192 Ingredient of

Torstol seed
90 min. 199.5 224.5 Ingredient of

Hops patchesEdit

These patches are used to get ingredients to brew different drinks via the Cooking skill. There are four hops patches, each with one gardener who will protect them for a price.

Tree patchesEdit

These patches are the patches you can grow your own tree in for Woodcutting. To grow trees you need to plant them in a plant pot to get a sapling. After that you plant the pot in the tree patch. This grants a lot of experience, and is the second best amount of experience you can get in farming. There are five different tree patches.

All of them have a gardener, and it is recommended that you pay him to protect your tree. Below is a list of each tree you can plant, along with their respective levels to plant, growth time, and experience.

Level Seed Protection Growth time Experience
Farmer Plant Check-health Total
Basket of
3 Hours 20 Min 14 467.3 481.3
Willow seed
Basket of
4 Hours 40 Min 25 1456.5 1481.5
Maple seed
Basket of
5 Hours 20 Min 45 3403.4 3448.4
Yew seed

Cactus spine×10
6 Hours 40 Min 81 7069.9 7150.9
Magic seed

8 Hours 145.5 13768.3 13913.8

Fruit tree patchesEdit

Fruit tree patches provide some of the best training for farming. Farming fruit trees grants a lot of experience but it takes 16 hours to grow a single tree. There are five different fruit tree patches.

These also have a gardener, and it is highly recommended that you pay them to protect your tree here. Below is a list of each fruit tree you can plant along with their respective levels to plant, growth time, protection payment, and experience.

Level Seed Protection Growth time Experience
Plant Check-health Harvest Total [1]
Apple tree seed

16 Hours 22 1199.5 8.5 1272.5
Banana tree seed

Basket of apples×4
16 Hours 28 1750.5 10.5 1841.5
Orange tree seed

Basket of strawberries×3
16 Hours 35.5 2470.2 13.5 2586.7
Curry tree seed

Basket of bananas×5
16 Hours 40 2906.9 15 3036.9
Pineapple seed

16 Hours 57 4605.7 21.5 4791.7
Papaya tree seed

16 Hours 72 6146.4 27 6380.4
Palm tree seed

Papaya fruit×15
16 Hours 110.5 10150.1 41.5 10509.6
  1. Assume each tree yields 6 fruit.

Bush patchesEdit

These patches are not used very often, and can be found in 4 places. The berries you get are used for Cooking and Herblore.

There is also a gardener here to watch over your patch in return for payment.

Quest experienceEdit

It is possible to gain a total of 33,500 Farming experience by completing quests. Below is a list of quests that give farming experience:

Quest Level requirement Experience received
Recipe for Disaster None 1,000
Enlightened Journey 30 3,000
Fairytale I - Growing Pains None 3,500
Grim Tales 45 4,000
Forgettable Tale of a Drunken Dwarf 17 5,000
Garden of Tranquillity 25 5,000
My Arm's Big Adventure 29 5,000
Rum Deal 40


Herbs, Allotments and Hops harvesting mechanismEdit

Herbs, like allotments and hops and assuming they have not died from disease, work as follows:

  1. You start with 3 lives.
  2. Each time you harvest a crop, you roll the dice.
  3. If you roll successfully, you maintain your lives count.
  4. If you rolled unsuccessfully, you lose a life.
  5. You will repeat from Step 2 until you have lost all 3 lives and then the patch becomes empty.

At the minimum, the amount of items you will harvest will be equal to the amount of lives you started. If you use compost, you start with 4 lives instead. If you use supercompost, you start with 5 lives instead. Secateurs make you more likely to roll successfully by 10%, so you are statistically more likely to get more items, but not guaranteed.

Your Farming level will affect the likeliness of succeeding each time the dice rolls.

According to Mod Kieren, if you farm higher level herbs, you will less likely lose a life compared to farming lower level herbs. That being said, this difference will become much more minor you are only comparing different high level herbs farmed. At level 99, all herbs will have the same likeliness of succeeding.

In theory, if you rolled successfully every time, you'd get an infinite number of items.

Important things to rememberEdit

There are many different types of plants and farming crops you can farm, it just depends on your level and the location of the patches.

Try to complete Fairytale I - Growing Pains as soon as possible in order to get the magic secateurs, which increase your harvesting output by 10%.


  • As of 2 February 2016, there are 3,461 current members that have achieved level 99 in Farming.

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