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This article is about the Mining skill. For information on training Mining, see Mining training (F2P) (P2P).


Also known as Mine
Release date 4 January 2001 (Update unknown) edit
Members only? No
Players with
as of 1 September 2016 - update
Players with
200M XP
as of 29 September 2016 - update
Mining is a skill that allows players to obtain ores and gems from rocks. With ores, a player can then either smelt bars and make equipment using the Smithing skill or sell them for profit. Mining is also one of the most popular skills in RuneScape as many players try to earn a profit from the skill. On the map, mining areas are identified with a regular pickaxe Mining Icon icon and the mining shop with a gold pickaxe Mining shop icon icon.
Audio options icon
Mining level-up music (link)

How to mine Edit


A player using a Rune pickaxe to mine ores.

To mine, a player will first need a Pickaxe, which are sold in a number of shops, as well as Nurmof in the Dwarven Mines. New players are given a bronze pickaxe while completing Tutorial Island. When a player has obtained a pickaxe, they next need to find a mine. Upon locating a mine, the player can then select a rock in the mine. Players can identify any mineable ore by right clicking and selecting 'Prospect Rocks'. Left clicking on it, will cause the player to begin mine the rocks as long as they have a pickaxe that the player can use. As a player is mining a rock, they will eventually obtain an ore (or gemstone). This ore can either be used in the Smithing skill or it can be sold. Selling ores can give players a good profit.

Mining is a skill largely based on a player's luck, which is random in RuneScape. Luck affects Mining in this way: the player will mine the rock, but when they hit the rock, it might take eight to twenty hits to obtain an ore. Another player may mine the same rock and get an ore in just one hit. Using a pickaxe of a higher metal will allow players to obtain ores faster.


Pickaxes, or 'picks', are needed to mine rocks. They can be equipped as a weapon, giving players one extra space in their inventory. However, pickaxes cannot be made using the Smithing skill. Pickaxes can be bought from either Nurmof in the Dwarven Mines or Tati in Keldagrim, or from other players. Nurmof's Pickaxe Shop in the Dwarven Mines is labelled on the mini-map as a gold pickaxe.

A player's Mining level determines the type of pickaxe they can mine with. The higher a level needed to use a pickaxe, the better it is than the ones below it. For example, a rune pickaxe will mine rocks faster than an adamant pickaxe.

Pickaxe Level Grand Exchange price
Bronze pickaxe Bronze 1 77
Iron pickaxe Iron 1 269
Steel pickaxe Steel 6 638
Black pickaxe Black 11 5,667
Mithril pickaxe Mithril 21 578
Adamant pickaxe Adamant 31 3,274
Rune pickaxe Rune 41 20,302
Dragon pickaxe Dragon 61 1,932,102

Mineable items Edit

Ores are obtained from the different types of rocks. These rocks can be found in mines. On the mini-map, mines are labelled with a grey pickaxe. The colour of a rock corresponds to the ore's colour, so a black rock will yield coal ore, a blue rock will yield mithril ore, etc.

When players click on a rock, they will hit it with their pickaxe and try to get the ore out. The higher level rocks, such as mithril and adamant, take longer for players to mine an ore out of them, making the player require patience.

After the ore has been mined, the rock will turn grey for a while. Eventually another ore will respawn and the rock will regain its colour. Players can only mine a rock when ore is available. Ore respawn times differ with the difficulty of the rock. For example, rune rocks can take over 20 minutes to respawn while iron rocks take about 3 seconds.

Image Ore Level Xp Notes
Clay Clay 1 5 Clay is used in Crafting to make small items such as pots.
Rune essence Rune essence 1 5 To mine rune essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecrafting skill. Rune essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Copper ore Copper 1 17.5 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Tin ore Tin 1 17.5 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Limestone Limestone 10 26.5 Members only. Limestone is needed in the members quest Regicide. It can be crafted into limestone bricks, which are used in the Construction skill. It is also used to smelt quicklime.
Blurite ore Blurite 10 17.5 Blurite is needed in the quest The Knight's Sword. It is also a crucial component for smelting blurite bars, used to create blurite crossbows and blurite bolts.
Iron ore Iron 15 35 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an iron ore to make an iron bar or smelt it with 2 Coal to make a steel bar.
Elemental ore Elemental 20 0 Members only. Elemental ore can only be mined during and after the Elemental Workshop quest, and is smelted with 4 coal into an elemental bar which is used in making Elemental shields and Elemental helmets.
Daeyalt ore Daeyalt 20 17 Members only. Daeyalt ore can only be mined from the Meiyerditch mines during and after the Darkness of Hallowvale quest. Mining 15 ores is required before being released from the mine. It is nontradeable.
Silver ore Silver 20 40 Silver is used in the Crafting skill to make items, such as tiaras.
Pure essence Pure essence 30 5 Members only. To mine pure essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecrafting skill. Pure essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Coal Coal 30 50 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt Coal with other ores as follows: 2 Coal and an iron ore to make a steel bar, 4 Coal and a mithril ore to make a mithril bar, 6 Coal and an adamant ore to make an adamant bar, or 8 Coal and a rune ore to make a rune bar.
Pay-dirt Pay-dirt 30 60 Members only. Can only be mined in the Motherlode Mine in the south area of the Dwarven Mine. Can be cleaned using the machine in the center of the mine. Ores received from this machine are ranging from coal to runite, depending on the player's mining level.
Sandstone (10kg) Sandstone 35 30, 40, 50 or 60 Members only. Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in Enakhra's Lament quest.
Uncut opal
Uncut jade
Uncut red topaz
Uncut sapphire
Uncut emerald
Uncut ruby
Uncut diamond
Gem rock 40 65 Members only. Gem rocks are only available to members who have completed the Shilo Village quest. Gem rocks can also be found randomly during the Tai Bwo Wannai Cleanup minigame. Mining a gem rock gives a player a gem ranging from opal to diamond, which can be used in Crafting.
Gold ore Gold 40 65 Gold is used in the Crafting skill to make items, such as jewellery.
Granite (5kg) Granite(m) 45 50, 60 or 75 Members only. Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in Enakhra's Lament and King's Ransom.
Mithril ore Mithril 55 80 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a Mithril ore with four coal to make a mithril bar.
Lunar ore Lunar(m) 60  ? Members only. Used during the Lunar Diplomacy quest to make a lunar helm.
Lovakite ore 65 10 Players can mine this in the Zeah continent. Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a Lovakite ore with two coal via Lovakite furnace to make a lovakite bar.
Adamantite ore Adamantite 70 95 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an Adamant ore with six coal to make an adamant bar.
Runite ore Runite 85 125 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a Rune ore with eight coal to make a rune bar. Due to the new worlds resources faster respawn rate runite ore takes 12 minutes to spawn in any world, while being 22 minutes before the update.

Mine table Edit

Mine Member


Clay Copper Tin Iron Silver Coal Gold Mithril Adamantite Runite Notes and hazards
Al Kharid mine No 0 3 1 9 5 3 2 2 2 0 Chasm Mine/Scorpion pit has a rock slope that's climbable at level 38 Agility.
Arzinian Mine Yes 0 0 0 0 0 0 143 0 0 0 Accessible after the Between a Rock... quest. Contains lots of gold veins, and a local dwarf to transport the gold ores to the bank (for a small fee).
Barbarian Village mine No 0 0 5 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 Very few safe spots for low-level miners; lacks copper ore needed for bronze
North Brimhaven mine Yes 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 On members-only side of Karamja island; May be far from bank unless Shilo Village Quest is completed
South Brimhaven mine Yes 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 On members-only side of Karamja island; May be far from bank unless Shilo Village Quest is completed
Coal Trucks Yes 0 0 0 0 0 18 0 0 0 0 Coal trucks can hold up to 120 coal
Crafting Guild mine No 6 0 0 0 6 0 7 0 0 0 Level 40 Crafting and brown apron required. Usually vacant of miners, because of crafting requirements.
North Crandor mine No 0 0 0 0 0 7 3 1 0 0 Accessible during and after the Dragon Slayer quest.
South Crandor mine No 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 7 3 0 Accessible during and after the Dragon Slayer quest.
Dorgeshuun mine Yes 0 0 0 9 12 0 0 0 0 0 Accessible during and after the Lost Tribe quest. Is a good place to power-mine without losing a lot of money, as Mistag (at the southern end of the mine) will buy your iron and silver ores. Requires a light source.
Dwarven Mine No 5 11 10 9 0 11 2 2 3 0 Scorpions & King Scorpions at the south-eastern section
Edgeville dungeon mine No 0 2 2 3 3 6 0 1 2 0 Skeletons, Hobgoblins, and more.
Heroes' Guild mine Yes 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 2 2 2 Hero's Quest required.
Bandit camp mine No 0 0 0 21 0 27 0 19 8 0 Hobgoblins, Level 32 Wilderness. Beware of Player Killers.
West Falador mine Yes 0 2 5 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 Short trip to bank if agility is over 5.
Keldagrim entrance mine Yes 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 2 0 0 Beware of black unicorns.
Karamja Volcano mine No 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 Skeletons
Lumbridge Swamp training mine No 0 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Safe place for low level miners.
West Lumbridge Swamp mine No 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 5 2 0 Higher Level Ores
Mining Guild No 0 0 0 0 0 37 0 5 0 0 Need level 60 Mining to enter.
Rimmington mine No 2 5 2 6 0 0 2 0 0 0 Very Safe, with mobility can get into Falador to smelt.
Southern Wilderness mine No 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 Skeletons, Level 6 Wilderness
South-east Varrock mine No 0 9 6 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 To the south is a bear that may pose a threat for low levels.
South-west Varrock mine No 3 0 8 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 Muggers
South-Western Wilderness mine No 0 0 0 0 0 34 0 0 0 0 Skeletons, Level 9 Wilderness
Lava Maze runite mine No 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 Level 46 Wilderness.

Mines Edit

Misthalin mines Edit

Asgarnia mines Edit

Island mines Edit

Wilderness mines Edit

Others Edit

  • Keldagrim mines
  • Fremennik Isles mines
  • Coal Trucks
  • Gold & Silver in Tzhaar
  • Khazard Mine

Random events while miningEdit


When mining players have a 1/256 chance of finding an uncut gem in the rock. A player's chances of finding gems are increased to 3/256 when wearing a charged amulet of glory. There also seems to be a positive correlation between a player's Mining level and the frequency of gems they receive while mining. In other words, the higher levelled the ore, the more likely it is to receive gems while mining it.

Gems that can be found in rocks are uncut sapphires, uncut emeralds, uncut rubies and uncut diamonds.

Rock golem (discontinued)Edit

While mining, a Rock Golem may appear and will begin attacking a player. The combat level of the golem depends on the player's combat level, but it will always be stronger. The Rock Golem's combat level varies from level 14 to 170. The player can either kill it or run away from it. If a player kills a Rock Golem, it can drop ores, stouts, pickaxes, uncut gems or nothing.

Exploding rock (discontinued)Edit

When a player mines a rock, smoke or gas bubbles may emerge from it. If a player continues mining this rock as this is happening, the rock will explode, dealing minor damage to the player and destroying the head of their pickaxe. To repair it, for a price, players have to bring it to Nurmof, the dwarf who sells pickaxes in the Dwarven Mine. This is no longer in this version of Runescape.

Lost pickaxe head (discontinued)Edit

While mining, the player's pickaxe head might fly off. The head will land somewhere nearby, usually 3 to 10 squares away. When this happens, the player has to find the pickaxe head quickly before someone else sees it and grabs it - who might attempt to extort it from them. When the player has found the pickaxe head, they can use it with their handle to put the pickaxe back together.

Tips Edit

Here are some tips to help a player mine.

Power mining Edit

Also known as drop mining, this is where a player fills their inventory with ores, drops them all, and repeats. While this method of mining allows players to raise their Mining level quickly, dropping a whole inventory of ores can take some time. Also, by using this method, a player would be missing out on Smithing experience. Some locations useful for drop mining:

  • Al-Kharid (Scorpion) Mine - the scorpions will be aggressive if you are a low-level
  • Hobgoblin Mine (located in levels 29-31 wilderness) - dangerous
  • Dwarven Mine - not as good, but much less chance of dying
  • The Granite Quarry in the Al-Kharid desert

To save time while using this method, a player can hire runners who take the ore to their bank as payment for running, saving time for the miner.

Busy World vs. Empty World Edit

As of 2014, Old School RuneScape has implemented a static respawn rate. This means that regardless of the population of a server most things will respawn as if there are 2000 players in the world (ores, trees, etc).

Wielding the pickaxe Edit

Players are recommended to wield their pickaxe. This way, they'll have more inventory space to allow them to carry more ores. To wield picks players must have the appropriate Attack level, as the pickaxe is considered a weapon.

Bronze pickaxe Bronze - 1
Iron pickaxe Iron - 1
Steel pickaxe Steel - 5
Black pickaxe Black - 10
Mithril pickaxe Mithril - 20
Adamant pickaxe Adamant - 30
Rune pickaxe Rune - 40
Dragon pickaxe Dragon - 60

Wear light items Edit

Players are strongly recommended to wear few items or nothing at all other than their pickaxe. Members are advised to wear the boots of lightness, obtained in the Temple of Ikov, so that their weight is lower. Also, wearing the Spotted Cape or Spottier Cape from the Hunter Skill can be very useful, as well as Penance gloves from the Barbarian Assault mini-game. The Graceful outfit is also recommended if you have access to it. ​Wearing fewer items allows a player to run longer. If they are wearing armour, then their weight would be quite large, making them lose a large amount of energy in a short amount of time.

Wilderness mine tips Edit

Having a high-level Defence and wearing stronger armour gives players a much stronger defence against pkers that attempt to try their luck for some runite/adamantite/etc. ores. Leather/Dragonhide armour also offers fairly good protection against both magic and meleers. Players could either only bring their pickaxe to the wilderness, or bring full leather, a wooden shield or an anti-dragon shield, and an amulet of defence. Fortunately, if a player dies with all these items, they'll keep their pickaxe, the amulet, and the leather body or an ore, depending on what kind it is. A good portion of food is recommended. Saradomin brew may prove essential in life and death situations, as it gives a 25% Defence bonus, and a 15% Hitpoints boost.

Switch Worlds Edit

For higher level rocks such as adamantite or runite, it is sometimes faster to switch between servers rather than wait for the rocks to respawn. This is not recommended for any lower level rocks as they respawn much faster.

Training Edit

Here are some suggested training methods for a player to raise their Mining level.

  • Level 1 to 15: Mine copper and tin rocks. An alternative which also levels Runecrafting or provides income is rune essence, clay can also be mined to level Crafting. Rune essence is easier to mine because only one click is required and a full inventory is mined in one go. Rune essence can be mined, after completing the Rune Mysteries quest, by talking to Sedridor in the basement of the wizard's tower, or Aubury in Varrock.

Level 15 to 60: Mine iron rocks. Iron can be obtained quickly, making it a valuable rock to use when levelling up. Iron is the best ore to gain experience all the way to level 85. If coins are needed coal can be mined, but it's better to wait until access to the guild has been granted. From level 41 onwards the player can equip a rune pickaxe and mine iron in one hit. The absolute fastest way to level from 41 Mining onward is to go to the Al Kharid mine. Towards the north part of the mine there are 3 iron rocks grouped together. The mine also contains aggressive level 14 scorpions that attack players with combat levels of 28 or lower. Mine the three rocks and quickly drop the ore while waiting for them to respawn. This should take 6–10 seconds and will give 105 experience. Using this method (assuming it's done in 10 seconds) here is how long going from level 41 to level 60 should take, by level:

  • 42---7 min
  • 43---7 min 30 sec
  • 44---8 min 30 sec
  • 45---9 min
  • 46---10 min
  • 47---11 min
  • 48---12 min 30 sec
  • 49---14 min
  • 50---15 min
  • 51---16 min
  • 52---18 min
  • 53---20 min
  • 54---22 min
  • 55---25 min
  • 56---27 min
  • 57---30 min
  • 58---33 min
  • 59---37 min
  • 60---41 min
    • It's also possible to mine 28 ore and hire runners to take this ore by trading, which requires less clicking.
  • Level 60 to 85: Continue with iron. Getting up these levels will take much longer and players should be prepared to put in some time. Power mining iron as recommended for the previous levels will take about 84 hours of work. Putting in an one hour a day it could be done in about 3 months. If the player can mine three iron and drop them in under 10 seconds it will take less time for them to level up.
  • Level 85 to 99: To continue levelling the player should now mine coal in the guild. If coins are wanted mine rune ore, which can be found in the wilderness of both free-to-play and members worlds. There are also 2 rocks in the Heroes' Guild for members.

Motherlode mine Edit

At level 30, there is also the Motherlode Mine, one of the newest methods of training mining in Old School RuneScape.

Quests which give Mining experience Edit

Temporary boosts Edit

  • Dwarven stout - Drinking this will raise a player's Mining and Smithing levels by 1 for a short time. Dwarven stouts can be bought in Falador one at a time, or members can buy them in Burthorpe in quantities up to 12, at which point the stock is expended and the player must wait for the shop to restock. They are also a common drop from dwarves, and can be bought in several places in members areas, as well as brewed using the Cooking skill.
  • Mature dwarven stout - members-only. Drinking this will raise a player's Mining and Smithing by level 2 for a short time. Players receive two mature dwarven stouts as a reward for completing the quest Forgettable Tale..., but they can also be brewed using the Cooking skill.
  • Dragon pickaxe. Using the special attack will temporarily boost mining by 3 levels. The special uses up 100% of special energy.
  • Brown Spicy stew may raise a player's mining by up to +5. Requires partial completion of Recipe for Disaster.

Special Mining Areas Explained Edit

  • Coal Trucks - The coal trucks are located west from Camelot and north from Ardougne. There are 18 coal rocks and handy carts for storing coal in. The carts can store 120 at a time and it is also recommended to take 28 coal when leaving as well. There is a quick way or a slow way to get to and from the coal trucks.
Quick Way: With 20 Agility go across the log that is on the east side of the coal trucks. The Camelot teleport spell can also be used for quick access to the Seer's bank
Slow Way: To walk all the way around the lake, past the fishing guild, to Camelot.
Once in Camelot go north-west from Camelot bank and there are more coal trucks in the shed. Remove all the coal and bank, repeating the process until all the ore has been taken.
  • Mining Guild - In the Mining Guild there are 37 coal and 5 mithril rocks. It is close to a bank but requires quite a bit of walking to get to the bank. Level 60 Mining is required to enter. There is one especially efficient place to mine, in the northeast corner, where there are 6 coal in very close proximity. Mining mithril is not recommended in the guild unless there is no-one else at the rocks. An anvil is available outside of the guild in the North end of the mines. The anvil, in combination with the superheat spell, allows the player to smith the ores they mine. The smithed items can be turned into coins with the high alchemy spell or sold at the nearby shop avoiding trips to the bank.

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