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Mining

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This article is about the Mining skill. For information on training Mining, see Mining training (F2P) (P2P).
Mining

Mining-icon

Also known as Mine
Release date 4 January 2001 (Update)
Members only? No
Players with
99
2,525
as of 1 December 2016 - update
Players with
200M XP
3
as of 7 December 2016 - update
[view][talk]
Mining

Mining is a skill that allows players to obtain ores and gems from rocks. With ores, a player can then either smelt bars and make equipment using the Smithing skill or sell them for profit. Mining is also one of the most popular skills in RuneScape as many players try to earn a profit from the skill. On the map, mining areas are identified with a regular pickaxe Mining Icon icon and the mining shop with a gold pickaxe Mining shop icon icon.

Members-only items on this page are written in italics.

Audio options icon
Mining level-up music (link)
The music that plays when levelled up.

How to mineEdit

Mining

A player using a rune pickaxe to mine ores.

To mine, a player will first need a pickaxe, which are sold in a number of shops. New players are given a bronze pickaxe while completing Tutorial Island. When a player has obtained a pickaxe, they next need to find a mine. Upon locating a mine, the player can then select a rock in the mine. Players can identify any mineable ore by right clicking and selecting "Prospect Rocks". Left clicking on it will cause the player to begin mining the rocks as long as they have a pickaxe that the player can use. As a player is mining a rock, they will eventually obtain an ore (or a gemstone). This ore can either be used in the Smithing skill or it can be sold. Selling ores can give players a good profit.

Mining is a skill largely based on a player's luck, which is random in RuneScape. Luck affects Mining in this way: the player will mine the rock, but when they hit the rock, it might take eight to twenty hits to obtain an ore. Another player may mine the same rock and get an ore in just one hit. Using a pickaxe of a higher metal will allow players to obtain ores faster.

PickaxesEdit

Main article: Pickaxe

Pickaxes, or "picks", are needed to mine rocks. They can be equipped as a weapon, giving players one extra space in their inventory. However, pickaxes cannot be made using the Smithing skill. Pickaxes can be bought from either Nurmof in the Dwarven Mine or Tati in Keldagrim, or from other players. Nurmof's Pickaxe Shop in the Dwarven Mine is labelled on the minimap as a gold pickaxe.

A player's Mining level determines the type of pickaxe they can mine with. The higher a level needed to use a pickaxe, the better it is than the ones below it. For example, a rune pickaxe will mine rocks faster than an adamant pickaxe.

Pickaxe Mining
level
Grand Exchange
price
Bronze pickaxeBronze pickaxe174
Iron pickaxeIron pickaxe1259
Steel pickaxeSteel pickaxe6804
Black pickaxeBlack pickaxe115,509
Mithril pickaxeMithril pickaxe21561
Adamant pickaxeAdamant pickaxe313,018
Rune pickaxeRune pickaxe4120,191
Dragon pickaxeDragon pickaxe612,319,633
Infernal pickaxeInfernal pickaxe61[1]-
  1. Also requires 85 Smithing to use.

Mineable itemsEdit

Ores are obtained from the different types of rocks. These rocks can be found in mines. On the minimap, mines are labelled with a grey pickaxe. The colour of a rock corresponds to the ore's colour, so a black rock will yield coal, a blue rock will yield mithril ore, etc.

When players click on a rock, they will hit it with their pickaxe and try to get the ore out. The higher level rocks, such as mithril and adamantite, take longer for players to mine an ore out of them, making the player require patience.

After the ore has been mined, the rock will turn grey for a while. Eventually another ore will respawn and the rock will regain its colour. Players can only mine a rock when ore is available. Ore respawn times differ with the difficulty of the rock. For example, runite rocks can take over 20 minutes to respawn while iron rocks take about 3 seconds.

Ore Level Experience Notes
Clay Clay 1 5 Clay is used in Crafting to make small items such as pots.
Rune essence Rune essence 1 5 To mine rune essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecrafting skill. Rune essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Copper ore Copper 1 17.5 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Tin ore Tin 1 17.5 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Limestone Limestone 10 26.5 Limestone is needed in the members' quest Regicide. It can be crafted into limestone bricks, which are used in the Construction skill. It is also used to smelt quicklime.
Blurite ore Blurite 10 17.5 Blurite ore is needed in the The Knight's Sword quest. It is also a crucial component for smelting blurite bars, used to create blurite crossbows and blurite bolts.
Iron ore Iron 15 35 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an iron ore to make an iron bar or smelt it with 2 coal to make a steel bar.
Elemental ore Elemental 20 0 Elemental ore can only be mined during and after the Elemental Workshop quests, and is smelted with 4 coal into an elemental bar which is used in making Elemental shields and Elemental helmets.
Daeyalt ore Daeyalt 20 17 Daeyalt ore can only be mined from the Meiyerditch Mine during and after the Darkness of Hallowvale quest. Mining 15 ores is required before being released from the mine. It is untradeable.
Silver ore Silver 20 40 Silver ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as tiaras.
Pure essence Pure essence 30 5 To mine pure essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecrafting skill. Pure essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Coal Coal 30 50 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt coal with other ores as follows: 2 coal and an iron ore to make a steel bar, 4 coal and a mithril ore to make a mithril bar, 6 coal and an adamantite ore to make an adamantite bar, or 8 coal and a runite ore to make a runite bar.
Pay-dirt Pay-dirt 30 60 Pay-dirt can only be mined in the Motherlode Mine in the southern area of the Dwarven Mine. Can be cleaned using the machine in the center of the mine. Ores received from this machine can range from coal to runite, depending on the player's mining level.
Sandstone (10kg) Sandstone 35 30, 40, 50, or 60 Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in the Enakhra's Lament quest.
Uncut opal Uncut jade
Uncut red topaz Uncut sapphire
Uncut emerald Uncut ruby
Uncut diamond
Gems 40 65 Gem rocks are only available to members who have completed the Shilo Village quest. Gem rocks can also be found randomly during the Tai Bwo Wannai Cleanup minigame. Mining a gem rock gives the player a gem ranging from opal to diamond, which can be used in the Crafting skill.
Gold ore Gold 40 65 Gold ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as jewellery.
Granite (5kg) Granite 45 50, 60 or 75 Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in Enakhra's Lament and King's Ransom.
Mithril ore Mithril 55 80 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a mithril ore with four coal to make a mithril bar.
Lunar ore Lunar 60 ? Used during the Lunar Diplomacy quest to make a lunar helm.
Lovakite ore Lovakite 65 10 Players can mine this on Zeah. Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a lovakite ore with two coal via Lovakite furnace to make a lovakite bar.
Adamantite ore Adamantite 70 95 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an adamantite ore with six coal to make an adamantite bar.
Runite ore Runite 85 125 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a runite ore with eight coal to make a runite bar.

MinesEdit

Main article: Mines

Mines are areas where players can mine their ores. These may be on the surface or underground and are scattered around Gielinor. Some of these locations are accessible only after certain quests are complete and some are members-only.

Random events while miningEdit

GemsEdit

When mining players have a 1/256 chance of finding an uncut gem in the rock. A player's chances of finding gems are increased to 3/256 when wearing a charged amulet of glory. There also seems to be a positive correlation between a player's Mining level and the frequency of gems they receive while mining. In other words, the higher levelled the ore, the more likely it is to receive gems while mining it.

Gems that can be found in rocks are uncut sapphires, uncut emeralds, uncut rubies and uncut diamonds.

Rock golem (discontinued)Edit

Main article: Rock golem (monster)

While mining, a rock golem may appear and will begin attacking a player. The combat level of the golem depends on the player's combat level, but it will always be stronger. The rock golem's combat level varies from level 14 to 170. The player can either kill it or run away from it. If a player kills a rock golem, it can drop ores, stouts, pickaxes, uncut gems or nothing.

Exploding rock (discontinued)Edit

Main article: Exploding Rock

When a player mines a rock, smoke or gas bubbles may emerge from it. If a player continues mining this rock as this is happening, the rock will explode, dealing minor damage to the player and destroying the head of their pickaxe. To repair it, for a price, players have to bring it to Nurmof, the dwarf who sells pickaxes in the Dwarven Mine.

Lost pickaxe head (discontinued)Edit

Main article: Pickaxe head

While mining, the head of the player's pickaxe might fly off. The head will land somewhere nearby, usually 3 to 10 squares away. When this happens, the player has to find the pickaxe head quickly before someone else sees it and grabs it - who might attempt to extort it from them. When the player has found the pickaxe head, they can use it with their handle to put the pickaxe back together.

TipsEdit

Here are some tips to help a player mine.

Power miningEdit

Also known as drop mining, this is where a player fills their inventory with ores, drops them all, and repeats. While this method of mining allows players to raise their Mining level quickly, dropping a whole inventory of ores can take some time. Also, by using this method, a player would be missing out on Smithing experience. Some locations useful for drop mining:

To save time while using this method, a player can hire runners who take the ore to their bank as payment for running, saving time for the miner.

Busy world vs. empty worldEdit

As of 2014, Old School RuneScape has implemented a static respawn rate. This means that regardless of the population of a server most things will respawn as if there are 2,000 players in the world (ores, trees, etc).

Wielding the pickaxeEdit

Players are recommended to wield their pickaxe. This way, they'll have more inventory space to allow them to carry more ores. To wield pickaxes players must have the appropriate Attack level, as the pickaxe is considered a weapon.

Pickaxe Attack
level
Bronze pickaxeBronze pickaxe1
Iron pickaxeIron pickaxe1
Steel pickaxeSteel pickaxe5
Black pickaxeBlack pickaxe10
Mithril pickaxeMithril pickaxe20
Adamant pickaxeAdamant pickaxe30
Rune pickaxeRune pickaxe40
Dragon pickaxeDragon pickaxe60
Infernal pickaxeInfernal pickaxe60

Wear light itemsEdit

Players are strongly recommended to wear few items or nothing at all other than their pickaxe. Members are advised to wear the boots of lightness, obtained in the Temple of Ikov, so that their weight is lower. Also, wearing the spotted cape or spottier cape from the Hunter skill can be very useful, as well as Penance gloves from the Barbarian Assault minigame. The Graceful outfit is also recommended if you have access to it. ​Wearing fewer items allows a player to run longer. If they are wearing armour, then their weight would be quite large, making them lose a large amount of energy in a short amount of time.

Wilderness mine tipsEdit

Having a high-level Defence and wearing stronger armour gives players a much stronger defence against player killers that attempt to try their luck for some ores. Leather/Dragonhide armour also offers fairly good protection against both magic and melee. Players could either only bring their pickaxe to the Wilderness, or bring full leather, a wooden shield or an anti-dragon shield, and an amulet of defence. Fortunately, if a player dies with all these items, they'll keep their pickaxe, the amulet, and the leather body or an ore, depending on what kind it is. A good portion of food is recommended. Saradomin brew may prove essential in life and death situations, as it gives a 25% Defence bonus and a 15% Hitpoints boost.

Switch worldsEdit

For higher level rocks such as adamantite or runite, it is sometimes faster to switch between servers rather than waiting for the rocks to respawn. This is not recommended for any lower level rocks as they respawn much faster.

Quests which give Mining experienceEdit

Quest Experience
Doric's Quest1,300
The Digsite15,300
Enakhra's Lament7,000
Between a Rock...5,000
The Lost Tribe3,000
Another Slice of H.A.M.3,000
Heroes' Quest2,575
The Giant Dwarf2,500
Plague City2,425

Temporary boostsEdit

  • Dwarven stout - Drinking this will raise a player's Mining and Smithing levels by 1 for a short time. Dwarven stouts can be bought in Falador one at a time, or members can buy them in Burthorpe in quantities up to 12, at which point the stock is expended and the player must wait for the shop to restock. They are also a common drop from dwarves, and can be bought in several places in members' areas, as well as brewed using the Cooking skill.
  • Mature dwarven stout - Drinking this will raise a player's Mining and Smithing by level 2 for a short time. Players receive two mature dwarven stouts as a reward for completing the Forgettable Tale... quest, but they can also be brewed using the Cooking skill.
  • Dragon pickaxe - Using the special attack will temporarily boost Mining by 3 levels. The special uses up 100% of special energy.
  • Brown Spicy stew - May raise a player's mining by up to +5. Requires partial completion of Recipe for Disaster.

Special mining areas explainedEdit

Coal TrucksEdit

The Coal Trucks are located west of Camelot and north of Ardougne. There are 18 coal rocks and handy carts for storing coal in. The carts can store 120 at a time and it is also recommended to take 28 coal when leaving as well. There is a quick way or a slow way to get to and from the coal trucks.

Quick way: With 20 Agility go across the log that is on the east side of the coal trucks. The Camelot Teleport spell can also be used for quick access to the Seers' Village bank

Slow way: Walk all the way around the lake, past the Fishing Guild, to Camelot.

Once in Camelot go northwest from the bank and there are more coal trucks in the shed. Remove all the coal and bank, repeating the process until all the ore has been taken.

Mining GuildEdit

There are 37 coal and 5 mithril rocks in the Mining Guild. It is a short walking distance away from a bank. Level 60 Mining is required to enter. There is one especially efficient place to mine, in the northeast corner, where there are 6 coal rocks in very close proximity. Mining mithril is not recommended in the guild unless there is no-one else at the rocks. An anvil is available outside of the guild in the north end of the mines. The anvil, in combination with the Superheat Item spell, allows the player to smith the ores they mine. The smithed items can be turned into coins with the High Level Alchemy spell or sold at the nearby shop avoiding trips to the bank.


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