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This article is about the Runecrafting skill. For information on training Runecrafting, see Runecrafting training (F2P) (P2P).


Also known as RC, Runecraft
Release date 29 March 2004 (Update)
Members only? No
Players with
as of 1 April 2017 - update
Players with
200M XP
as of 1 April 2017 - update

Runecraft is a skill that allows players to craft their own runes for Magic spells. The experience earned from making runes is small, making Runecraft a very slow skill to raise, on par with Slayer, and due to the constant running and banking, it is fairly click and attention intensive. However, due to the constant demand for different types of runes, it can create a very generous profit.

The fastest experience rate without assistance from other players is approximately 74,000 experience an hour by Runecrafting lava runes, which results in a loss of coins. This is better in the long term (due to the return at 91 Runecraft with double nature runes), however short term return can be gained by crafting nature, law, cosmic or death runes through the Abyss, as well as astral runes on the Lunar Isle.

Due to how slow Runecraft is, many players look to avoid training Runecraft, by utilizing lamps, book of knowledge, and playing Tears of Guthix to raise the stat for them. 

With the release of the Blood and Soul altars on 7 January 2016, Runecraft has become less time consuming, with blood runes reaching experience rates of around 40,000 per hour and soul runes reaching up to around 49,000 experience per hour, in theory.

Audio options icon
Runecrafting level-up music (link)
The first music that can be played when levelled up.
Audio options icon
Runecrafting level-up music (link)
The second music that can be played when levelled up.

Creating runesEdit

Runes are crafted from either rune essence, pure essence, or dark essence. Players learn about this essence through the Rune Mysteries quest.

Rune essenceEdit

Rune essence

Normal rune essence is used to make airmindwaterearthfire and body runes. This is the only type of essence free players can obtain by mining. Only level 1 is required to mine this.

Pure essenceEdit

Pure essence

Pure essence is used to make any runes (except blood and soul runes), although it is the only kind of essence which can be made into cosmicchaosastralnaturelaw and death runes. Level 30 Mining is required for this.

Pure essence can also be used to craft any rune type unlike rune essence which can only be used to craft the basic elemental runes (water, earth, fire and air runes) along with mind and body runes.

Dark essenceEdit

Dense essence block
Dark essence block
Dark essence fragments

Dark essence fragments are used to make blood and soul runes. These fragments are created by using dense essence blocks on the Dark Altar in Great Kourend's Arceuus House to create dark essence blocks. These dark essence blocks can then be chipped with a chisel and a pickaxe, creating the essence fragments.

Level 38 Mining and Crafting, along with 100% Arceuus House favour are required to do this.

Obtaining rune essenceEdit

Main article: Rune essence mine

Both rune and pure essence are located in the same mine. However, players require a Mining level of 30 to obtain pure essence. It is obtained automatically upon mining the rune essence, in place of regular essence.

To access these mines, players need to talk to certain NPCs who can teleport them to the mines. A player can either right-click on the NPC and select the "teleport" option or talk to the NPC and ask to be teleported. However, the right-click option is faster than talking. There are five NPCs that can teleport players to the essence mines. However, only two of them are available for free players:

Players also have access to a second mine on Lunar Isle which does not require a teleport from an NPC. It is a fairly long walk from a bank with some strong monsters on the path to the mine.

Other methods of obtaining essence include trading with other players and purchasing from the Grand Exchange, monster drops, rewards from the Nightmare Zone, or the daily reward from the medium, hard and elite Ardougne diaries.

Obtaining dark essence fragmentsEdit

Main article: Arceuus essence mine

Only dense essence blocks can be obtained in this mine. In order to obtain dark essence blocks, the dense essence must be taken to the Dark Altar northwest of the mines and then chip the dark essence into dark essence fragments. A Mining and Crafting level of 38 is required to mine dense essence blocks.

To access and use these mines, players must traverse to Great Kourend in Zeah and run north to the Arceuus House. Before using the mines, players must have at least 25% Arceuus favour points to mine dense essence blocks, and 100% favour to create dark essence blocks and create blood and soul runes.

These essence and essence fragments cannot be banked and are untradeable.


Main article: Runecrafting altar

Altars are where players make their runes. Tiaras or talismans are needed to enter these altars hidden inside "mysterious ruins". Players can find altars by finding them on their own, using a talisman, or by asking other players.

To find an altar using a talisman, players can right-click on the talisman and click on the "locate" option. In the chatbox, the player will notice a message that will tell them the direction they need to go in, whether it be northwest or southeast.

When a player has found the mysterious ruins, they then need to enter the ruins. The player can enter by using their talisman with the ruins. If they are wearing an enchanted tiara, all they have to do is click on the ruins.

When the player is inside the ruins, they are now in the altar area. They can then use their essence with the altar to craft some runes. While inside an altar, a player can also enchant a tiara if they have an un-enchanted tiara in their inventory. With the un-enchanted tiara, all they have to do is use with the altar and it will become enchanted.

Altar locationsEdit

The table below lists the locations of where the altars are (members-only altars are written in italics).

Altar Runecrafting-iconLevel
Location Nearest
Air altar1Northeast of the Crafting Guild and south of Falador. It is also directly south in the clearing below the southernmost spinning wheel below Falador.East Falador/Crafting Guild
The Crafting Guild bank requires the hard Falador Diary.
Mind altar2Between Ice Mountain and Goblin Village.West Falador/Edgeville
Travelling through the Wilderness and teleporting with an amulet of glory to Edgeville takes approximately 1 minute.
With the Arceuus spellbook, you can cast the Mind Altar Teleport to be directly teleported near the altar entrance.
Water altar5South of Lumbridge in the swamp and southeast of Draynor Village.Lumbridge/Draynor Village
Teleporting to Draynor Village with an amulet of glory takes ~1 minute.
With a Dramen staff, you may also bank at Zanaris for a time of 1 min 30s (requires completion of Lost City).
Earth altar9Northeast of Varrock.East Varrock/Castle Wars

Using a ring of dueling with the Balloon transport system is fast as well. The trip takes a bit longer but you only have to walk one way which makes it faster.

Fire altar14Northeast of Al Kharid, next to the Duel Arena.Al Kharid/Castle Wars
Using a ring of dueling to Duel Arena, craft, then teleport to Castle Wars bank and repeat.
Body altar20Between Ice Mountain and Barbarian Village; south of the Edgeville Monastery.Edgeville
Cosmic altar27The southern part of Zanaris.Zanaris
Using the Agility shortcuts is much faster.
Chaos altar35Wilderness level 9, northwest of Edgeville. After the early stages of the What Lies Below quest, players can get to the chaos altar without entering the wilderness. You need to bring a bronze pickaxe to the statue of Saradomin east of Varrock. (42 Mining required)Edgeville/East Varrock
The Edgeville route goes through the mysterious ruins, the Varrock route goes through the Tunnel of Chaos (unlocked during What Lies Below).
Astral altar40Lunar Isle, no talisman required.Lunar Isle
Equipping a staff of earth and casting Moonclan Teleport will save walking time, although 1 space is needed for law runes; provides additional Magic experience.
Nature altar44North of Shilo Village.Shilo Village (unlocked after quest)
Advised to use the Abyss instead due to time involved.
Law altar54Northern part of Entrana.Void Knights' Outpost (via ship)/Draynor Village/Castle Wars
Using a Ring of dueling to Castle Wars bank with the Balloon transport system is the fastest method without the use of the Abyss.
Death altar65On the bottom level of the temple from Mourning's Ends Part II.Lletya
Advised to use the Abyss instead due to time involved.
Blood altar77Arceuus House, Great Kourend in Zeah. No talisman required.Banking not required.
Soul altar90Arceuus House, Great Kourend in Zeah. No talisman required.Banking not required.


Talismans are important as they are needed to make runes. To obtain talismans, players will have to kill monsters or buy them from other players. However, except from Abyss monsters, talismans are an uncommon drop from monsters, making them difficult to obtain. Right clicking them and selecting locate gives a direction to find the altar for that particular type of rune.

Each talisman has a name that indicates what kind of rune a player can make with it. For example, to make air runes, a player needs to find an air talisman. It is important to note that free players can only craft basic elemental runes (air, water, earth and fire) as well as mind and body runes, while members can make cosmicchaosnaturelawdeath runes, blood runes, and soul runes.

Note: that all elemental talismans (air, water, earth and fire) will be dropped by the corresponding Elemental wizard south of Falador, close to Malignius Mortifer.

Abyssal monsters have a chance to drop any talisman except death.

Talisman Dropped by/Obtained by
Image Name
Air talismanAir talisman Dropped by impsgoblins and wizards. One is also obtained upon completion of the Rune Mysteries quest.
Mind talismanMind talisman Dropped by impswizards, and dark wizards.
Water talismanWater talisman Dropped by wizards and dark wizards.
Earth talismanEarth talisman Dropped by menwomenwizardsdark wizards, and Al-Kharid warriors.
Fire talismanFire talisman Dropped by wizardsskeletons without weapons, and dark wizards.
Elemental talismanElemental talisman Dropped by Abyssal monsters, allows entry to altars of all four elements, but cannot be bound into a tiara.
Body talismanBody talisman Dropped by guardswizardsHill Giants, and dark wizards.
Cosmic talismanCosmic talisman Common reward from caskets (big net fishing or dropped by certain monsters) and the Quiz Master random event's mystery box. Also obtainable as a drop from Abyssal creatures in the Abyss areas.
Chaos talismanChaos talisman Dropped by hobgoblinsskeletonsice warriorsshadow warriorslesser demonsHill Giants, and fire giants.
Nature talismanNature talisman Dropped by hobgoblinsJogrestribesmenmoss giantschaos druidskalphites, Flesh Crawlers, minotaurs and green dragons.
Law talismanLaw talisman Reward for finishing the Troll Stronghold quest.
Death talismanDeath talisman Dropped by dark beasts and is obtained during the Mourning's Ends Part II quest.


Talismans take up a space in a player's inventory, allowing them to only hold 27 essence in their inventory. However, a tiara can fix this. A player can combine a talisman and a tiara together, allowing them to wear the tiara on their head while still being able to craft runes. With the talisman inside the tiara, players can hold 28 essence. Players can either craft a tiara or buy one from another player.

If a player has a grey tiara with no markings on it, then it is unenchanted. To enchant a tiara, the player needs to bring the talisman to an altar (explained in the next section). For example, if a player wants to make air runes wearing a tiara, then they will have to bring their air talisman to the Air altar and combine the talisman and the tiara. Players can also earn some Runecrafting experience from making a tiara, shown in the table below. Additionally, making a tiara does not have a Runecrafting level requirement.

Tiara Experience
Image Name
Air tiaraAir tiara25
Mind tiaraMind tiara27.5
Water tiaraWater tiara30
Earth tiaraEarth tiara32.5
Fire tiaraFire tiara35
Body tiaraBody tiara37.5
Cosmic tiaraCosmic tiara40
Chaos tiaraChaos tiara42.5
Nature tiaraNature tiara45
Law tiaraLaw tiara47.5
Death tiaraDeath tiara50
Note: There is no astral tiara/talisman as the altar is found in the world, not in a special portal/zone.


Main article: Abyss

Players can also be teleported inside the ruins by using the Abyss, which does not need a tiara or a talisman to use. This is possibly the best way to craft your own runes. However, despite being much faster in many cases, players often choose not to use this route due to the risk of the Wilderness. Players travel to level 5 Wilderness to be teleported.

Crafting runesEdit

When a player has entered the mysterious ruins, all they have to do is click on the altar. They will then craft all the essence they hold into a rune.

Rune Essence
Image Name
Air runeAir runeNormal/Pure15
Mind runeMind runeNormal/Pure25.5
Water runeWater runeNormal/Pure56
Earth runeEarth runeNormal/Pure96.5
Fire runeFire runeNormal/Pure147
Body runeBody runeNormal/Pure207.5
Cosmic runeCosmic runePure278
Chaos runeChaos runePure358.5
Astral runeAstral runePure408.7
Nature runeNature runePure449
Law runeLaw runePure549.5
Death runeDeath runePure6510
Blood runeBlood runeDark7723.8
Soul runeSoul runeDark9029.7

Crafting multiple runesEdit

As a player's Runecrafting level increases, they can make more runes. However, they only earn experience based on the amount of essence they have. For example, a player may have only 1 essence in their inventory and be able to craft X2 air runes per essence. Only 5 experience will be granted, as only one essence was used. The number of runes made from the essence in a player's inventory in an action that gains a level is determined by the player's level before the Runecrafting action, even if crafting the same amount of essence one piece at a time would yield more runes.

Law, death, blood and soul runes cannot be multicrafted.

RuneLvl for 2xLvl for 3xLvl for 4xLvl for 5xLvl for 6xLvl for 7xLvl for 8xLvl for 9xLvl for 10x

5x Earth runes can only be achieved with a skill level 99 and a +5 boost from an Evil stew.

Combination runesEdit

Members have an extension to Runecrafting, which is the ability to combine two runes into one item.

To craft combination runes, a player needs to take existing runes that are one half of the combination, with a matching talisman (not a tiara), along with an equal amount of pure essence to the altar which comprises the other half of the combination. Use the talisman for the existing runes on the altar, resulting in:

  • The talisman is consumed.
  • 50% success in making combination runes.

Normally when Runecrafting, there is a delay after clicking on the altar which restricts the player from performing any action for a couple seconds. When crafting combination runes this delay is lost, meaning you can empty pouches, and use teleports such as dueling rings immediately.

For 100% success, players can wear a Binding necklace (enchanted emerald necklace), but this is only good for 16 uses. The runes made can often save inventory space when used for certain spells, including those in Ancient Magicks. Alternatively, the player may use the lunar spell Magic Imbue to make combination runes without using the opposing talisman. Using Binding necklaces and Magic Imbue to craft lava runes can yield the fastest Runecrafting experience in the game.

Rune Combination Level
Image Name
Mist runeMist runeAir & Water688.5
Dust runeDust runeAir & Earth108.39
Mud runeMud runeWater & Earth139.39.5
Smoke runeSmoke runeAir & Fire158.59.5
Steam runeSteam runeWater & Fire199.310
Lava runeLava runeEarth & Fire231010.5

Players receive less experience at the lower-levelled altars. For example, making mist runes at the air altar will give 8 experience for each rune made, while the same runes at the water altar will give 8.5 experience for each rune made.

Rune runningEdit

A common method for training Runecrafting is by using rune runners. A runner is a player that changes noted essences into unnoted essence by converting them in a bank or a shop. At the appropriate altar, the runner trades the Runecrafter changing unnoted essences for noted essences and some fee (usually coins or runes). The Runecrafter increases the amount of essences processed and the runner gets a good reward.

The following are common worlds where runners are used are:

  • Nature running: Worlds 336. Most double nature Runecrafters take unnoted essence for noted essences and more than the same amount of nature runes (or equivalent in coins).
  • Law running: World 341. Trade unnoted pure essence for noted essence and the same amount of law runes. On some worlds the scheme is bringing your own pure essence. Note however, this method has decreased in popularity due to double nature runes being more profitable.


  • Using a ring of dueling while making fire runes and lava runes allows teleporting a short distance (less than 20 squares) from the fire altar entrance and quick banking via the Castle Wars teleport. Each ring will only last for four trips, but because this method saves time and run energy, it is greatly preferred compared to banking at the Duel Arena.
  • Members find it more convenient to use pouches with them when mining essence or crafting runes. Pouches can be obtained by using the Abyss. When bank trips are short (e.g. using the Wizards' Guild), the overhead of handling the pouches negates the additional essence carrying capacity.
  • It is recommended that players mine a large amount of essence, bank them all, and then craft runes with 28 essence in their inventory each time. For example, a player should mine 28 essence, bank them, and go back to the mines and repeat until a sizeable amount of essence has been banked. This method is faster than mining 28 essence and then crafting the runes. (For water and earth runes, the gain is unclear unless this technique is combined with teleportation between bank and altar, since those two altars are only slightly nearer to banks than to Rune essence mine teleport points.)

Weight reductionEdit

  • When mining essence, players should be only carrying a pickaxe and essence pouches so that they can run longer.
  • All pickaxes mine Abyss shortcuts at the same rate. The black pickaxe is the best pickaxe to use as it has a weight of 0 kg, although a bronze pickaxe can be used as a cheaper substitute especially if the player can reach 0 kg weight anyway.
  • Members should always wear the Boots of lightness. The boots can be obtained from the Temple of Ikov (the quest is not required to pick them up) and provide 4.5 kg of weight loss. These boots are enough to negate the weight of a pickaxe and/or a tiara and cost nothing to obtain.
  • With the appropriate Hunter level, players can wear a spotted/spottier cape to further reduce weight and increase their running duration.
  • Penance gloves from the Barbarian Assault minigame provide a 4.5 kg weight reduction.
  • Graceful outfit can be beneficial, but not always necessary since most players won't be carrying more than 4.5 kg worth of items. Wearing full Graceful outfit regenerates the players energy by 30%.

Crafting Nature RunesEdit

When crafting nature runes on southern Karamja, there are a number of ways to craft them, because the altar is so far from a bank. Possible ways to craft nature runes are:

  1. Have a large amount of noted essence and some money. Sell as much essence as the player's inventory can hold to the general store northwest of the altar, then buy them all back. The player can then go the nature altar and craft their runes and repeat. However, some other players may be doing the same thing, making players buy another player's essence.
  2. Some players use runners to bring them unnoted essence in exchange for noted essence, some cash and/or some runes.
  3. From Al Kharid, travel north to the gnome glider. Ride the glider to the Grand Tree and then to Karamja. Travel northwest, cross the river via the log, and then head southwest to the nature altar. The player can then craft their runes. When they are done, they can use either an amulet of glory to teleport to Al Kharid or use a ring of dueling to bank at Castle Wars and then teleport to the Duel Arena.
  4. Use the Abyss, using an amulet of glory to teleport to Edgeville and bank there and then repeat, use the Edgeville dungeon teleport with Ancient Magicks, or teleport home and use a mounted amulet of glory.
  5. Move your house (Construction skill) to Brimhaven. Teleport to home and run to the Nature altar.
  6. Use the fairy ring teleport system.
  7. Use the boat system to travel to the Ship Yard on Karamja. Run to the Nature altar. Use a Camelot Teleport (Standard spells) or Catherby Teleport (Lunar spells) to bank and repeat.

Crafting Law runesEdit

When crafting law runes on Entrana, there are a number of ways to craft them, because the altar is so far from a bank. Remember no weapons or armour of any kind are allowed here. Possible ways to craft law runes are:

  1. Walk from Draynor Village to Port Sarim. Board the boat. Craft and use an amulet of glory to return to Draynor Village. Have at least 10+ charged glories for this method.
  2. Use the Abyss method. Have at least 10+ charged glories for this method. This method isn't recommended because you can't use armour or weapons to protect against PKers and Abyss monsters. Also it limits the ways to get into the inner ring in the abyss.
  3. After doing the Enlightened Journey quest you can unlock the balloon route to/from Castle Wars. After this route is unlocked, it is one of the fastest and safest methods to craft law runes. You wear a law tiara, a ring of dueling and a spotted cape. In the inventory, bring logspure essence and pouches. The sequence then is: Castle Wars bank, Balloon ride to Entrana, walk to the altar and craft your runes, use a ring of dueling to teleport back to the Castle Wars bank.
  4. Leave Entrana via the boat, then run to the Void Knights' Outpost boat and use the Void Knights' Outpost bank.

Weight-reducing outfitEdit

This outfit will enable you to run for longer periods of time when Runecrafting thus increasing your crafting rate. Possible items that can be worn:

Weights with items equipped
Item Weight Loss
Spotted/Spottier cape-3 kg or -5 kg respectively
Boots of lightness-4.5 kg
Penance gloves-5 kg
Total -12.5 kg or -14.5 kg

In the Abyss this might be helpful, as you will be crossing the Wilderness ditch, rendering yourself vulnerable to player killers.

Magic defence with items equipped
Item Magic defence bonus
Black/Red d'hide body+50 or +40 magic defence
Black/Red d'hide chaps+26 or +20 magic defence
Black/Red d'hide vamb+8 or +6 magic defence
Total +84 or +66 magic defence


Quest Experience Runecrafting
level required
The Eyes of Glouphrie6,0001
Lunar Diplomacy5,0001
The Slug Menace3,50030
What Lies Below8,00035
Devious Minds5,00050


Temporary boostsEdit

Main article: Temporary skill boost
Runecraft cape emote

A player wearing a Runecraft cape (t) and performing the Skillcape emote

There are two boosts available to members. None of these boosts stack:

  • For up to +5, players may eat orange spicy stews from Evil Dave to get a random boost between -5 to +5.
  • For +1, at level 99, players can wear and operate the Runecraft cape.
  • Talking to Oldak in Dorgesh-Kaan may raise or lower a players runecrafting level by up to two points.

See alsoEdit

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